What is Applied Behavior Analysis?
Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is an evidence-based intervention used with people throughout the life span who experience developmental differences such as autism and related disorders.
The emphases of interventions are what are referred to as “socially significant behaviors”. Examples of such behaviors are social skills, speech and communication, academics, and adaptive living skills. Adaptive living skills include personal hygiene, toileting, food preparation, dressing, fine and gross motor skills, money and budgeting, successful participation in community activities and other activities of daily living.
Various techniques are used which include the positive reinforcement of behaviors such as staying on task, following directions and engaging in pro-social interactions; the specific targeting and teaching of skills that may be lacking such as communication and academic skills; the reduction of behaviors which interfere with learning and social engagement (such as aggression, self-injury or stereotypy)
All interventions are driven by and evaluated using the objective measurement and evaluation of observational data.
Depending on the child’s age, ABA may teach your child how to identify and express emotions, focus on the development of language skills, improve social skills, play or leisure skills, motor skills, academic skills, and self-help skills.
Social skills are critical to successful life outcomes and enhance a child’s quality of life.
Communication and learning skills are all important for independent functioning, cognitive growth, and social development.
Self-help skills build independence and academic skills and can help a learner access the general education school curriculum along with his or her typical peers.